Cystitis has specific and non-specific bacterial infection. The former refers to bladder tuberculosis. Non-specific cystitis is caused by Escherichia coli, paracoliform, Proteus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus. Its clinical manifestations are acute and chronic. The former has a sudden onset, burning sensation when urinating, and pain in the urethral area. Sometimes there is urgent urination and severe frequent urination. It is very important that the above symptoms occur both in the evening and in the daytime, which is common in women. Terminal hematuria is common. Sometimes there is hematuria and blood clots. The patient feels weak, with low or high fever, as well as suprapubic discomfort and low back pain.
In China, one in three patients with urinary system infection has cystitis. Because of the anatomical location of physiological organs, the infection rate of women is higher, but male cystitis is more potentially dangerous, because it is usually caused by potential urinary system diseases such as obstruction or tumor, or by the spread of infection of other organs of the urinary system. If treatment is delayed, it may develop into nephritis, pyelonephritis, and then lead to uremia, which may seriously endanger the life of men.
What symptoms prompt cystitis to "find" you?
1. Abnormal urination: when urinating, there is burning pain in the urethra, frequent urination, often accompanied by urgency of urination, and in severe cases similar to incontinence, frequent urination and urgency of urination are often particularly obvious
2. Abnormal urination: the urine is turbid, has a rotten odor, has pus cells, and sometimes has hematuria, which is often obvious at the end stage.
3. Perineal pain: When the bladder is filled, the pain in the suprapubic region is obvious, and sometimes the pain in the urethra and perineum can also occur, which can be relieved after urination.
4. Mild low back pain. When the inflammatory lesion is confined to the bladder mucosa, there is often no fever and leukocytosis in the blood. The systemic symptoms are mild or absent, and some patients have fatigue
The symptoms are similar to acute cystitis, which is characterized by "slow" onset, "light" inflammatory reaction and "deep" lesion. The bladder irritation symptoms of chronic cystitis exist for a long time and recur. There are a small or medium amount of pus cells and red blood cells in the urine. Most of these patients have a history of acute cystitis and are accompanied by stones, deformities or other obstructive factors. Therefore, it is not simple cystitis, and further examination should be made to determine the cause and systematic treatment.
The potential harm of male cystitis is serious
Don't underestimate cystitis. Because of its location and role in the whole body, if it is not treated correctly after the onset of the disease, once it is delayed, it will have very serious consequences:
1. Lead to bladder fibrosis: reduce bladder volume, cause ureteral reflux, lead to kidney edema and kidney inflammation, even kidney necrosis and uremia;
2. Hematuria: Be alert when you can see hematuria with the naked eye. This is a unique abnormal urination signal of bladder cancer. About 85% of bladder cancer is induced by cystitis;
3. Resulting in tuberculosis: having a history of tuberculosis, after active antibacterial treatment, there are still symptoms of urinary tract irritation or abnormal urine sediment, which is an important sign of cystitis leading to renal tuberculosis.
(Intern editor: Liu Ruichang)