If you unfortunately suffer from kidney failure in daily life, your family and yourself will be very sad. If you suffer from this disease, you must actively treat it. Not only should you actively treat it, but you should also pay attention to dietary health in daily life. So, what are the best daily supplements for kidney failure patients?
1。 Moderate drinking water: The amount of drinking water must also be adjusted according to the specific situation of the patient. If combined with oliguria, edema, hypertension, heart failure, etc., strict control of water intake is necessary; Dialysis patients should also control their drinking water to avoid causing a large amount of fluid accumulation in the body, exacerbating edema, heart failure, or water poisoning.
2。 Vitamin rich diet: Renal failure patients often experience gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, and anorexia, as well as dietary control. With reduced food intake and insufficient intake, coupled with enhanced catabolism, some of the vitamins may be lost during dialysis. Patients have a significant deficiency in their body, especially water-soluble vitamins B, C, and folic acid, which need to be supplemented appropriately. Therefore, patients must consume fresh vegetables and fruits rich in these substances. Or give tablets orally.
3。 Appropriate supplementation of minerals: Most patients with chronic kidney failure experience electrolyte disorders to some extent, such as low calcium, high potassium, and high phosphorus. During the eating process, adjustments need to be made based on the results of blood tests. Patients with edema, hypertension, and oliguria should adopt a low salt diet and must adopt a low phosphorus diet. Dialysis patients are prone to excessive aluminum intake, and excessive intake of aluminum (such as antacids aluminum hydroxide) can cause aluminum poisoning, which must be restricted.
4。 Low fat diet: What foods are good for daily supplementation in patients with renal failure? Hyperlipidemia is also one of the factors that promote the progression of renal failure, and dietary regulation is essential in addition to medication treatment. To reduce the intake of foods rich in saturated fatty acids; Increase the intake of unsaturated fat. Try not to eat or eat less animal organs, and eat more foods rich in soluble fiber, such as oats, buckwheat, rice bran, etc.
5。 High quality low protein diet: Patients with renal failure must control their protein intake, and the basic principle is a high-quality low protein diet. 50% to 60% of them must be high-quality protein with essential amino acids at high production prices; Try to eat less food rich in plant protein. To limit the intake of plant protein, wheat starch (clarified flour) can be used as a staple food instead of rice and flour. Allowing a low protein diet should be considered individually, as the protein intake varies among patients at different stages.
6。 High calorie diet: The daily calorie intake should not be less than 30 kilocalories per kilogram of body weight, with an appropriate increase for those who are thin and a decrease for those who are obese. In order to consume enough calories, one can consume more vegetable oil and sugar. If you feel hungry, you can eat sweet potatoes, taro, potatoes, horseshoe noodles, Huaishan noodles, lotus root noodles, apples, etc. If the renal failure is caused by diabetes, the intake of sugar containing substances should be properly controlled.
The above is what we will introduce to patients with renal failure, which foods are good for daily supplementation. We hope to help you understand in detail the dietary precautions for renal failure patients. Patient friends must maintain a good attitude and avoid depression. We wish you a speedy recovery!