Regimen of the solar term · Small fullness, small fullness of wheat, small fullness of grass, cherry waxberry and mountain bird
Xiaoman: Xiaoman is one of the 24 solar terms and the second solar term in summer. It means that the seeds of summer crops begin to fill up, but are not mature, just small and not full. Xiaoman, "Tongwei · Filial Piety and Empowerment Deed", said: "Everything grows better than this, but less is full, and the wheat is here, and Fang Xiaoman is not fully ripe, so it is named." In ancient times, people should eat bitter vegetables, step on the waterwheel, and worship the silkworm god on this day, all in order to prepare for farming and pray for a good harvest.
Solar term regimen
Xiaoman maintains health, strengthens the spleen and dissipates dampness. Xiaoman indicates that the summer sultry and humid weather will come. After Xiaoman, the rainfall will rise, the weather is sultry and humid, and the human body is prone to "wet evil". The spleen "likes dryness and hates dampness" is most affected by "dampness evil". In the rainy season, some people will have symptoms of loss of appetite, abdominal distension, diarrhea and other digestive functions, and often accompanied by depression, lethargy, physical fatigue, white or greasy tongue coating, and the symptoms of "dampness is obstructed by evil". Therefore, Xiaoman should focus on strengthening the spleen and removing dampness.
In addition, the climate changes greatly in the full season, and people are prone to fire and indigestion. At this time, "heat often brings dampness", and common diseases can be seen as rubella or eczema. And you can eat bitter cabbage, which is the solar term diet in the full season. It can dispel dampness and strengthen the function of spleen and stomach.
Solar term diet
In the full season, everything flourishes and grows most vigorously, and the physiological activities of the human body are also in the most vigorous period. The consumption of nutrients is the most in the four seasons and the twenty-four solar terms. Therefore, it should be timely and properly supplemented to protect the body's internal organs from damage. It is also very important to eat soup during this solar term. You can eat Huaishan red bean, zucchini and pig moon soup, shepherd's purse, ginger and fish head soup, pepper grain old chicken and pork belly soup, American ginseng, red dates and raw fish soup, etc. These soups have the effects of clearing heat, nourishing yin, removing dampness, warming stomach, warming and tonifying.
Daily diet, especially for patients suffering from rubella or eczema, should focus on light foods, and can often eat foods that have the effect of clearing heat and diuresis, such as red bean, coix seed, mung bean, duck meat, etc; Avoid foods that are thick, fat, sweet, greasy, and moist, such as animal fat, fishy fish, sour, astringent, spicy, warm, and smoky.
Seasonal food: cherry, asparagus, red bean, mango, crucian carp, etc. It is suitable to drink cassia seed tea, barley tea, etc. According to the Yanjing Chronicle, "asparagus and cherries are the most delicious in April."
To prevent pathogenic dampness, you can eat some foods that can both remove dampness and strengthen the spleen and stomach functions, such as corn, sorghum, coix seed, lentils, celery, winter melon, onion, purslane, crucian carp, abalone, etc.
Eat in May to reduce the acid and increase the bitterness. Xiaoman is the time to eat bitter vegetables, and noodles salad is one of the common eating methods.
Traditional food - bitter bitter cabbage
Bitter vegetables are all over the country, and their scientific name is Patrinia villosa. Ningxia people call it "bitter bitter vegetables", Shaanxi people call it "bitter hemp vegetables", and Li Shizhen calls it "Tianxiangcao". Bitter vegetables are bitter and sweet, fresh and refreshing. It is rich in nutrition and contains a variety of vitamins, minerals, choline, carbohydrates, riboflavin and mannitol needed by the human body. It has the functions of clearing heat, cooling blood and detoxifying. "Compendium of Materia Medica": "(bitter cabbage) can be taken for a long time, which is reassuring, beneficial, light and durable." In medicine, bitter cabbage is often used to treat fever, and the ancients also used it to sober up.
Prevention of skin diseases:
The full solar term is the high incidence period of skin diseases. At this time, we should pay attention to the prevention and treatment of "rubella". The passage of Synopsis of the Golden Chamber - Stroke Calendar: "If the evil energy is in the meridian, the body will itch and become addicted to rash". To prevent diseases, we should pay attention to the following: First, we should work and rest regularly, and do not overwork to reduce the body's resistance; 2、 Increase or decrease clothing appropriately. The climate changes greatly in the full season. Do not take off your clothes and blow cold air immediately after sweating; 3、 Pay attention to diet. In particular, people with special physical quality who eat fish, shrimp, crabs and other foods that can cause allergies can adjust their diet according to the solar term diet recommendations mentioned above. To avoid disharmony between the spleen and stomach, accumulate dampness and generate heat, and develop rubella on the skin.