Urinary tract infection is a disease in which bacteria enter the urinary system to grow and reproduce, leading to inflammation. Various surveys have shown that women suffer from urinary tract infections more than men, making urinary tract infections a major threat to women's physical health. So, how should we prevent this disease? Next, the editor and everyone will analyze and pay attention to women's health together.
1. The specificity of the structure of the female genitourinary system.
The female urethra is shorter and wider than the male urethra, and bacteria are easy to enter, causing urinary tract infections. Therefore, women should enhance their awareness of self protection and pay more attention to knowledge about women's health.
2. Menstruation and sexual activity.
Menstrual blood is the best culture medium for bacteria. Menstrual hygiene, especially the cleaning and disinfection of menstrual supplies, is an important step in reducing bacterial invasion** Activity can push bacteria from the anterior urethra into the posterior urethra and bladder through a mechanical push action. In clinical practice, there are some cases where the disease occurs after sexual intercourse, which proves this point.
3. During pregnancy.
An enlarged uterus can press against the bladder and ureter, and endocrine changes can also slow the dilation and peristalsis of the ureter, causing slow urine flow or forming a mild fluid accumulation. This situation is also conducive to bacterial invasion and reproduction to cause disease. In the past, some people used antibacterial drugs for prevention, but this method is not advisable. Because the abuse of antibacterial drugs may have some negative effects on the mother and fetus, the long October pregnancy can be overwhelming. Therefore, the correct and safe method is to closely observe, regularly check urine, and promptly treat once found.
4. The female urethral orifice is adjacent to the urethra and anus.
Male urethra is far away from the urethra, and there is a "spatial distance", which makes it less prone to urinary tract infections. In women, the urethra is very close to the urethra and anus, and there are a large number of bacteria both around the urethra and anus. The secretion of the urethra is also a good culture medium, making it easier for bacteria to reproduce. Therefore, the way for women to prevent urinary tract infections is to frequently wash and minimize the number of bacteria. To reduce the chance of disease.
5. Hold your urine. This is a common bad habit among women. It can have two negative consequences.
First, urine stays in the bladder for a long time. If a small amount of bacteria invades, it will have more time to reproduce and also more time to invade the tissue; Secondly, with a full bladder and increased pressure, urine will flow upwardly to the ureter. If bacteria have invaded, they will be sent to a more upstream location, causing pyelonephritis. The solution, of course, is not to hold urine, and even to cultivate the good habit of "frequent" urination.
Through the analysis of the above five points, I believe that everyone has a further understanding of women's physical health. In summer, if a woman has a urinary tract infection, don't worry. You should seek medical attention as soon as possible to maintain a cheerful mood.