In order to further strengthen people's HIV antibody testing and positive detection, high-risk groups should check HIV antibody at least every two years. As of the end of October 2015, there were a total of 575000 HIV infected individuals and patients living in China, showing an increasing trend year by year, and the proportion of male same-sex behavior transmission has significantly increased.
At present, China's comprehensive prevention and control of AIDS is facing the problem of low positive detection rate, with 50% to 60% of people not being detected. stay
In clinical practice, non AIDS professional patients often conceal AIDS infection. This has caused delays and resource waste in clinical diagnosis and treatment. The development of early AIDS detection and the expansion of detection coverage are the difficulties of AIDS prevention and treatment in China. Explain the transmission route of AIDS.
The spread of AIDS needs to know
1. Touch propagation: includes touching between similarities and differences. There is a greater risk of infection. There are many viruses in semen and vaginal secretions of AIDS infected people. During the activity (), due to the conflict of cross parts, it is easy to cause minor damage to genital mucosa. The virus enters the blood of uninfected people by taking advantage of weakness. It is worth mentioning that the rectal wall is more easily damaged than the vaginal wall, so the risk of anal intercourse is greater than that of vaginal intercourse.
2. Blood transmission: ① Infected blood and blood products contaminated with HIV ② Intravenous drug users infected with HIV, unsterilized needles and syringes ③ Sharing other medical equipment and daily necessities (sharing toothbrushes, razors, etc. with infected individuals) can also infect damaged areas, but it is rare. ④ Syringes and needles are not thoroughly disinfected or not disinfected, especially for children. Dental equipment, delivery equipment, surgical instruments, and needles that pose a greater risk of one injection per person are not disinfected thoroughly. Treatment needles for hairdressing, beauty (eyebrows, ears, etc.), tattoos, and other cutting tools, needles, and bathroom pedicure knives that are not disinfected are not disinfected and are shared with others Blood and blood products of blood donors not seen by HIV antibody of shaver or shared toothbrush, and movement value of bone marrow and organs in similar cases
3. Mother to child transmission: also known as perinatal transmission, transmission refers to the transmission of HIV from a mother to the fetus and baby before, during, and shortly after childbirth, which can be transmitted through the placenta or through the delivery route or breastfeeding during childbirth.