Introduction: With the aggravation of various kinds of pollution, many men have developed infertility, which has cast a layer of gloom over their originally happy families. The quality of male sperm has also declined, so what is the reason for the decline in male sperm quality?
Cause 1: Vasectomy obstruction
A small proportion of men have obstructed vas deferens, preventing sperm from entering the semen.
The epididymis is a coiled tube that stores and transports sperm produced by the testicles; The vas deferens are the two channels responsible for transporting the sperm that is about to be ejected from the epididymis. If these pipes are blocked or damaged, they can prevent sperm from successfully reaching your wife's eggs.
Infection, injury, congenital defect, or vasectomy can all cause obstruction of the vas deferens.
1. Possible symptoms: None
2. Possible treatment options: surgical repair of obstructed parts or vasodilation
Cause 2: Varicocele
Varicocele refers to the expansion of a vein in the scrotum, similar to varicose veins in other parts of the body, which can increase the temperature in the testicle and affect sperm production.
1. Possible symptoms: None. This problem is usually found during a medical examination.
2. Possible treatment methods: surgical treatment of varicose veins; In vitro fertilization (IVF).
Cause 3: Abnormal sperm
"If you have problems with low sperm count, azoospermia, low sperm motility, or malformed sperm, your sperm may not naturally fertilize your wife's eggs.".
1. Possible symptoms: None.
2. Possible treatment options: Intrauterine insemination (IUI) using donated sperm or your own sperm (of course, the premise for using your own sperm is that the sperm is not very abnormal in terms of quantity, shape, and vitality); Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI); Or the wife uses reproductive drugs to increase the number of ovulations.
Cause 4: Sperm allergy
Your body may produce antibodies that kill its own sperm. This condition is commonly seen after vasectomy, testicular torsion (torsion of the testicle in the scrotum), infection, or an accident. It is estimated that about 3% of male infertility cases are caused by sperm allergy.
1. Possible symptoms: None.
2. Possible treatment options include intrauterine fertilization (IUI) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). There are also cases where steroid drugs such as prednisone are used for treatment.
Cause 5: Ejaculation disorder
Ejaculation disorders include complete non ejaculation and retrograde ejaculation. Retrograde ejaculation refers to the absence or retrograde injection of sperm into the bladder. The causes of ejaculation disorders include diseases such as diabetes or multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, injury caused by surgery or psychological problems.
1. Possible symptoms: Ejaculation disorders, including non ejaculation or a small amount of ejaculation.
2. Possible treatment options: use drugs to close the catheter leading to the bladder to prevent sperm from entering the wrong channel; Using medication to treat psychological disorders that inhibit erection or ejaculation; Electronic or concussive stimulation to assist with ejaculation, or surgical sperm extraction to assist in conception.
In summary, there are five reasons for male infertility. If a couple is not pregnant within two years of marriage, they can go to a regular hospital for a comprehensive examination.
So how should male infertility be prevented? Take a look at the introduction of infertility experts.
1. Do not use drugs:
"Male drug use can cause a decrease in testosterone levels in the blood, impaired reproductive ability, and inability to ejaculate, resulting in infertility.". For example, heroin addicts have 100% inhibition of sexual desire, while methadone addicts have 96.5% inhibition of sexual desire.
2. Smoking cessation and alcohol restriction:
Smoking and alcohol abuse are major enemies of sperm. Some men's bodies are quite sensitive to the toxins in cigarettes, and the nicotine in cigarettes can kill sperm. Excessive drinking not only leads to decreased gonadal function, but also chromosomal abnormalities in sperm, leading to fetal malformations or stunting.
3. Avoid radiation and electromagnetic radiation:
Prolonged electromagnetic radiation and exposure to a large amount of radiation can also cause sperm chromosome aberration.
4. Men in the reproductive period do not abuse drugs at will:
Frequent use of sedatives, anti-tumor drugs, chemical drugs such as marijuana, and hormone drugs can cause sperm growth disorders, sperm chromosome damage, and breakage.
5. Sexual abstinence:
If sexual intercourse is too frequent or excessive, it can lead to impotence and decrease the amount of sperm contained in each ejaculation.
6. Avoid prolonged hot baths:
The process of sperm growth requires low temperatures, otherwise the sperm will die prematurely. If a man has a habit of taking hot baths, it can reduce sperm count and even lead to infertility.
Regarding the prevention of male infertility, it is necessary to do a good job of premarital examination. Through the examination, early detection of abnormalities can avoid the pain after marriage. In the life of couples, it is necessary to cooperate and understand each other, otherwise it is easy to develop sexual dysfunction such as impotence, premature ejaculation, or abnormal ejaculation.