What are the symptoms of male testicular problems? How to treat cryptorchidism with the best effect
Testicles are an important part of men. No one wants to have testicular problems, but now many people have testicles. If you find yourself having problems, you must treat them immediately. Otherwise, it will do great harm. Today, we will introduce the symptoms, complications and common treatments of male testicles.
Symptoms of male testicles
Testis is bilateral, mostly unilateral. The testis can be located at any part of the descending path of the testis. The common parts are the inguinal canal, the upper part of the scrotum and the abdominal cavity. The patient has no symptoms. During the physical examination, the testicles cannot be contacted in the scrotum or only one side of the testicles, and the other side of the testicles cannot be contacted in the groin tube or on the scrotum.
1. Fertility decline or infertility
The main pathological change of testis is the reproductive cell development disorder, so the fertility is decreased or sterile. The fertility of patients with bilateral testicles is significantly decreased, such as high testicular position, serious pathological damage, and severe disturbance of germ cell development may lead to infertility, but the testicular position is low, and it is expected to leave some fertility after proper treatment.
2. Congenital indirect inguinal hernia
About 65% of testicular patients are accompanied by congenital indirect inguinal hernia, the sheath process tube between the peritoneal cavity and the testicular sheath cavity is not closed, the intestinal fold falls to the sheath process cavity in the scrotum, almost all the sheath process tubes between the testicular peritoneal cavity and the sheath process are not closed, the sheath process tube does not form hernia when the sheath tube orifice is narrow, and some patients have hernia in a few months after delivery, which compresses the spermatic vessels, and the testicle further atrophy
3. Testicular torsion
In testicular patients, the chance of testicular torsion is 21-53 times that of testicular torsion in the scrotum. The pathogenesis and mechanism of testicular torsion are unknown, which may be related to abnormal testicular band or testicular muscle attachment.
4. Cryptorchidism injury
Because cryptorchidism is often located in the inguinal canal or near the pubic tubercle, the location is relatively shallow, fixed, and vulnerable to external violence. With age, the range of activity of cryptorchidism patients increases, and the chances of trauma also increase. After injury, the testicle is prone to fibrous degeneration, accelerating its atrophy.
5. Malignant change of cryptorchidism
The incidence of testicular tumors in cryptorchidism patients is 20-40 times higher than that in normal testes. The incidence of malignant transformation in high cryptorchidism, especially in abdominal cryptorchidism, is about 4-6 times higher than that in low cryptorchidism.
Common treatment of male cryptorchidism
1. Hormone therapy: luteinizing hormone releasing hormone stimulates the pituitary gland to release luteinizing hormone, which makes the testicles produce high concentration of testosterone. The methods of administration include intravenous injection, nasal mucosa injection and subcutaneous pulse continuous injection. The spray type is the simplest. Spray the nasal mucosa three times a day for four consecutive weeks. The 25 # scalp needle is inserted into the abdominal subcutaneous tissue for subcutaneous injection, and the connection injection can be given continuously for 24 hours. The advantages of subcutaneous injection are less dosage and good effect..