As we all know, nephritis is a very serious disease, and its incidence has become increasingly high in recent years. It usually causes significant losses to the kidneys of the human body. Even after treatment and recovery, the damage caused by nephritis to the kidneys cannot be reversed. Therefore, we need to understand the early symptoms of nephritis.
The early symptoms of nephritis patients lack specificity. Generally, the early symptoms of nephritis are mainly fatigue, fatigue, low back pain, eyelid, face, ankle joint edema, increased foam in urine, abnormal urine color, hematuria, increased nocturnal urination frequency and urine volume.
Hematuria: Macroscopic hematuria is often one of the early symptoms of nephritis (accounting for about 40-70%). The urine color is dark and appears cloudy brownish red or like meat washing water, and generally disappears within a few days. It also lasts 1-2 weeks before turning to microscopic hematuria. Microscopic hematuria usually disappears within 6 months, and it also lasts 1-3 years before disappearing.
Edema and oliguria: About 70% of the patients have edema as the first symptom of nephritis. Edema mostly occurs on the face and eyelids. Many patients with nephritis often experience eyelid edema when they wake up in the morning. When patients with nephritis experience edema of the eyelids and face, they are often accompanied by a pale face with a nephritic appearance. Edema can also affect the lower extremities, with severe cases of chest, ascites, and pericardial effusion. "Oliguria and edema occur simultaneously. At the onset of the disease, the urine volume is less than usual, and the daily urine volume can be less than 400ml. As the edema worsens, the urine volume decreases, and individual patients may experience anuria.". After effective treatment, the swelling symptoms of most patients with nephritis can subside as their condition improves.
Nephritis is mainly divided into acute and chronic. Compared to acute, the early symptoms of chronic nephritis are not very obvious, which also increases the difficulty of diagnosis. We should pay attention to the fact that if the above symptoms occur, it is best not to take them lightly. Diseases sometimes have a certain incubation period, so we should always be alert to the signals sent by our own body and be prepared to prevent nephritis.