Ovarian cysts are gynecological diseases, and their severity is also related to their type. After falling ill, we must immediately undergo an examination at a reputable hospital, and treatment must also be based on the patient's condition.
Classification of ovarian cysts
1. Functional cysts: This type of cyst is quite common in women of reproductive age, also known as physiological cysts. Ovarian follicles do not mature and transform into cysts, but these types of cysts usually disappear during menstruation. Therefore, it is important to perform B-ultrasound examination for cysts during menstruation or when they are just outdated. Women during or after menopause do not have functional cysts.
2. Endometritis cyst: This type of cyst contains coagulated blood clots, resembling chocolate in color, so it is also known as a chocolate cyst. This type of cyst is common in female patients with endometriosis and is a serious case.
3. Dermatoid cyst (hair cyst): This type of cyst is usually benign (i.e. non cancerous cells). Cysts often contain fatty fluids such as hair, teeth, and bones. The volume is usually small and asymptomatic. However, the enlargement of the cyst may cause complications.
Symptoms of ovarian cysts
1. Lower abdominal discomfort: The initial symptoms of the patient before coming into contact with the lower abdominal mass. Due to the weight of the tumor itself, as well as the influence of intestinal peristalsis and positional changes, the cyst moves within the pelvic cavity, pulling its pedicle and pelvic infundibulum ligament, causing patients to feel bloated and sagging in the lower abdomen or iliac fossa.
2. Irregular menstruation: Most ovarian cysts do not have obvious early symptoms, and in clinical practice, they often manifest as abdominal pain and discomfort, increased vaginal discharge, yellowing, and unpleasant odors. In addition, patients have irregular menstruation, specifically manifested as irregular menstrual cycles and increased menstrual volume.
3. Abdominal mass: The most common phenomenon in patients with ovarian cysts. The patient found that their clothes and belt were tight and noticed that their abdomen had become larger. In the morning, they accidentally felt that there was a lump in their abdomen when they pressed it down, which caused discomfort and swelling. The patient has a solid and painless lump in the lower abdomen, which, if there are no complications or malignant changes, is characterized by mobility and can often move from the pelvis to the abdominal cavity. Sometimes sexual intercourse can cause pain. When nausea or inflammation occurs, the activity of the tumor is restricted.
4. Compression symptoms: As the condition progresses, ovarian cysts can cause compression symptoms. Giant ovarian cysts compress the mediastinum and cause breathing difficulties and palpitations, which can also be caused by ovarian cysts with a large amount of ascites. However, in patients with ovarian tumors, breathing difficulties are caused by pleural effusion on one or both sides, often accompanied by ascites. A huge benign ovarian cyst fills the entire abdominal cavity, increasing intra-abdominal pressure, affecting lower limb venous reflux, and can lead to edema of the abdominal wall and bilateral lower limbs; Malignant ovarian cysts fixed in the pelvic cavity often compress the iliac vein and cause edema in one lower limb. The pelvic and abdominal organs are pressed, and dysuria, urinary retention, urgent defecation, or obstructed defecation occur.