Testicles are the "lifeblood" of men. Without testicles, they can not only have children, but also enjoy sex life, which will cause serious damage to life and family. But testicles are very fragile, and any lack of careful care may bring lifelong regret.
Be careful of external injuries. Testicular trauma is a common phenomenon, and serious trauma often leaves lifelong regret. Trauma is a common phenomenon for men in their youth. It may pose a threat to the testicles in sports activities or labor operations, when riding across objects, and when fighting. Especially in the summer when clothes are thin, trauma is easy to happen.
Infection factors. Infections caused by bacteria, mycoplasmas and viruses can cause testicular damage, including inflammation of the testis and other systems, such as respiratory tract infection, oral infection and accessory gonad infection. The most common is orchitis caused by parotitis, which can cause serious damage to the spermatogenic epithelium, about 18% of which occurs on the 4th to 7th day of the course of disease, and 5% of which can cause testicular atrophy. Unilateral testicular damage still has the ability to produce sperm, and bilateral testicular damage can cause oligospermia or azoospermia. Infection of seminal vesicle or prostate, whether caused by bacteria, chlamydia, mycoplasma or virus, can affect the survival rate of sperm. Gonococcal epididymitis can lead to azoospermia due to blockage of bilateral epididymis tubes.
The basic way of causing orchitis. There are three common types, namely, self-infection, lymphatic infection and direct spread through the epididymis. Non-specific orchitis and parotitis orchitis are common.
Non-specific orchitis. Any suppurative septicemia can be complicated with acute suppurative orchitis and even cause testicular abscess. The pathogenic bacteria are mainly Escherichia coli, streptococcus, staphylococcus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. However, the most common cause of suppurative orchitis is inflammation spread from the epididymis. Therefore, it is actually epididymis orchitis. The patient's testicles are painful and radiate to the groin, accompanied by high fever, nausea and vomiting. The testis is swollen and tenderness is obvious, and the scrotal skin is red and swollen. If the lesion occurs early and can touch the epididymis, it can be diagnosed as epididymitis. This disease should be differentiated from testicular torsion, incarcerated hernia and testicular tumor. The treatment is the same as acute epididymitis. Incision the white membrane at an early stage to prevent testicular atrophy and gonadal insufficiency.
Mumps orchitis is caused by virus infection. It is common before puberty. It usually occurs 4-6 days after the onset of mumps, but it may not have symptoms of mumps. About 70% were unilateral and 50% of the affected testicles were atrophic. Bilateral testicular infection can lead to infertility. Once the disease is found, it should be treated in time to prevent testicular injury.
Treatment principles. As long as the testicular injury is not "fatal" but only partial, it can restore normal fertility through treatment. The most commonly used one is traditional Chinese patent medicines and simple preparations Zhujingbao capsule. For those who have completely lost their testicular function, they should give up treatment and adopt artificial fertilization.