Among kidney diseases, uremia is a very common and serious disease. There are many reasons for this disease, including hypertension, diabetes, and urinary system diseases.
15% of hypertensive patients will directly turn to uremia.
According to the statistics of China in 1998, hypertension patients account for 10% of the total population, that is to say, there is one hypertension patient in every 10 people, and 1.5 of them will become uremic patients.
The direct outcome of 30% of diabetes patients is uremia diabetes.
Recent statistics show that there are 43.2 million people with diabetes and 50.64 million people with impaired glucose tolerance in our population, the sum of which is 93.84 million. In other words, because of diabetes alone, there are about 13 million uremic patients and 15 million high-risk groups in China.
Nephropathy is the main cause of uremia.
The final outcome of all chronic kidney diseases will be uremia. Among them, chronic glomerulonephritis is the primary cause. Among the diseases that cause uremia, chronic glomerulonephritis accounts for 55.7%.
Urinary system infection is caused by urinary system infection or urinary tract infection.
According to statistical data, the incidence rate of urinary sensation in China is 0.23% for males and 2.37% for females. Both men and women, old and young, can develop diseases, especially in married women of childbearing age. In China, chronic pyelonephritis is the second factor of uremia, accounting for 21.2%.
It is caused by different degrees of toxic and side effects of drugs.
Research shows that about 25% of patients with renal failure are related to the nephrotoxicity of drugs, including traditional Chinese medicine and health care products.
Related to age.
The elderly in China will account for 10% of the total population. By 2025, the number of the elderly aged over 60 will reach 19.3%. In the physical examination, 17.3% of the elderly suffered from different types of kidney diseases; Among the inpatients, the elderly with urinary system diseases accounted for 3.4%~6.3%, which was the eighth cause of death for the elderly inpatients.
With the growth of age, the structure and function of kidney have obvious degenerative changes. Under normal circumstances, the human kidney has a strong compensatory function. When 50% of the kidney function is lost, it can also maintain the normal life activities of the human body. For example, after the removal of a kidney, people can still live healthily. With the growth of age, the reserve function of the human body is gradually weakened or even lost. Without additional burden, the renal function can meet the needs of human life activities, but it is not able to cope with sudden injury and disease. Therefore, once the elderly encounter unexpected circumstances, it is easy to lead to further damage of renal function and develop into uremia. Such as infection, cold, blood loss, water shortage, nephrotoxic drugs, other diseases, etc., can become the inducement of uremia in the elderly.
Hepatitis B virus infection and other infectious diseases.
The resulting uremia is on the rise. This reason now accounts for 1% of the causes of uremia.