Readers often leave messages or messages in the background to inquire about various dietary issues. Most of them are people who say they can't eat XXX if they have kidney disease.
Faced with these problems, we are also very anxious for patients - kidney disease needs to be avoided, but it also needs to be tailored to different situations!
Kidney disease is a collective term for various kidney diseases, not just a specific kidney disease, so patients may exhibit different symptoms. So, what can and cannot be eaten when suffering from kidney disease must be analyzed based on the situation, rather than simply being beaten to death with a stick.
Excessive blood potassium can lead to heart disease in patients with kidney disease, so patients with high blood potassium must limit their high potassium diet. Common high potassium foods include bananas, dried shiitake mushrooms, seaweed, seaweed, spinach, etc., which are all taboo foods for patients with hyperkalemia.
But other beneficial vegetables and fruits also have a high potassium content, so it is best to choose vegetables that can be blanched for consumption, and blanch them to remove potassium beforehand. In terms of fruits, try to avoid those with high potassium content and choose grapes, snow pears, strawberries, and other foods with low potassium content, and consume them in moderation.
In terms of staple foods, rice and flour do not have high potassium content, so it is not a problem to use them as staple foods; Starchy foods such as lotus root starch and sweet potatoes almost contain no potassium, making them a good alternative to staple foods.
If there is high, there is low. Patients with hypokalemia may also cause cardiac arrest, so patients with hypokalemia should supplement potassium. Compared to patients with high blood potassium, patients with low blood potassium who cannot eat can generally eat foods that are not nephrotoxic.
Edema is a common symptom in patients with kidney disease, and at this time, patients must limit salt and avoid high sodium foods. Edema patients should control their daily intake of salt within 2g (including seasonings such as soy sauce and monosodium glutamate), and should not consume excessive amounts of high sodium foods such as soft drinks, biscuits, and jelly.
Kidney disease patients have almost no absolute taboos,
There is only a requirement for quantity.
As we say, kidney disease patients cannot eat animal liver and kidney,
Because of this type of food
It contains too much oil, purine, and potassium phosphate,
It is difficult to control the consumption amount,
Only then will kidney disease patients be prohibited from consuming it.
The same goes for leeks, lamb, and so on,
If we weakly say that we can eat a little,
Many patients eat more than just a little,
The kidneys will also suffer more severe damage.
That's why patients should avoid eating.
Although food is difficult to give up, it is not as important as physical health. So, in order to maintain our kidneys and promote early recovery, it is better to follow scientific dietary principles; But we cannot all listen to rumors of taboos, but we must distinguish "truth" based on our own situation.