Diet for kidney disease should be considered. Many people are not unfamiliar with the occurrence of illness, because in recent years this disease has frequently appeared in our lives, leading many patients to endure this tremendous pain, especially for male friends, and the harm will be even greater. The kidney is an important excretory organ in our body, which can discharge toxic substances from our body, thereby protecting our health. So, what is a reasonable diet for patients with kidney disease? Next, let's take a closer look.
1、 Be careful with the salt intake. If the patients with kidney disease do not have edema and hypertension, they do not need to limit salt. They can take 10 grams of salt every day as normal people do. The limited salt intake is mainly for patients with edema and hypertension. Because not limiting salt can increase the retention of water and sodium, which makes edema difficult to subside, causing blood pressure to rise. Generally, salt should be controlled at 2-3 grams per day, and urine should be low. People with elevated blood potassium should limit their potassium intake.
2、 To control the intake of protein, compared to patients with chronic renal insufficiency, it is necessary to limit the intake of protein, which can reduce nitrogen retention in the blood, reduce the burden on the kidneys, and delay the process of chronic renal failure. Generally speaking, it is recommended to consume 0.4 to 0.6g/kg body weight of protein per day. High quality protein should be selected, such as egg, milk, lean meat, and other animal proteins, which contain high levels of essential amino acids, and produce less nitrogen containing substances after decomposition in the body.
3、 Control the intake of water. For patients with disease, if there is no urine loss or edema, there is no need to limit the intake of water. Patients with edema should mainly control the intake of water based on the amount of urine and the degree of edema. Generally speaking, if the edema is obvious, it is better to limit the intake of water to 500-800 ml per day except for initial consumption. After suffering from urinary tract infection, in order to avoid and reduce bacterial retention and reproduction in the urinary tract, patients should drink more water and urinate frequently to achieve the goal of frequently flushing the bladder and urethra.
Since the main function of the kidney is to discharge the metabolic waste of the body through urine, the abnormality of urine composition will be reflected very early. Once there is more foam in the urine, the body is prone to fatigue, accompanied by nausea, or eyelid and lower limb edema, blood pressure and blood sugar increase, a urine examination should be performed as soon as possible. Urine examination is one of the important means for early detection of kidney disease. As long as diagnosis and early diagnosis and treatment are made, It can effectively reduce the damage to the body, obtain effective control, reduce the occurrence of complications, and delay the process of chronic kidney disease.
For patients with their diseases, there is no need to have excessive low calorie diets. Although patients with nephrotic syndrome need to limit their protein intake, they are not prohibited from consuming protein. Some patients eat almost no meat, eggs, or milk at all, only porridge and vegetables, resulting in insufficient calories, which over time can lead to malnutrition. In fact, the oil and starch in the diet with nephrotic syndrome should be appropriately increased to provide the body with sufficient calories.
Diet for kidney disease should be considered. The treatment process for kidney disease cannot be completed overnight. It takes a long time to complete and should be attended. If patients want to recover, they must always adhere to treatment. Therefore, it is difficult to achieve treatment in one fell swoop, quickly recovering the damaged kidney. In daily life, patients with kidney disease should pay particular attention to their diet and rest. In addition, moderate exercise can also promote physical health. Finally, I wish you good health.