Men are accustomed to treating the penis and testicles as their "lifeblood" and taking great care of them, lest they bump into each other. However, many men often only care about their performance in sexual life, but it is easy to ignore whether there are any abnormalities in the "lifeblood". In fact, male genitals are located outside the body cavity, which provides many convenient conditions for self examination. Taking a regular look and touch can help men detect problems early.
But before self checking, it's best to take a warm bath. "Because the testicles contract when cold, they can relax in warm environments, naturally sag, and are easy to touch. The scrotal skin also relaxes and softens when hot, making it easier to detect abnormalities.". This is also why the inspection results in winter are more prone to deviations than in summer. During self examination, men can take a standing posture, or lean on the bed. The former is convenient for men to observe the appearance of their genitals, while the latter is conducive to concentration.
Men of all ages should have their genitals examined regularly, although the focus of the examination is slightly different. Male infants under 6 months of age are mainly found with congenital problems, such as cryptorchidism. Parents can gently touch a boy's scrotum when he is two months old and four or five months old. At this time, there should be a testicle the size of a soybean on both sides. If not, it may be cryptorchidism, requiring immediate treatment by a urologist. From the age of 1 to before puberty, attention should be paid to phimosis, which is mainly manifested by obstructed urination and scattered urine. Some children with phimosis may experience blisters at the urethral orifice during urination, with local redness, swelling, and pain. After entering puberty, use your hand to massage the foreskin to see if the glans can be exposed.
Adult males should undergo self examination every six months. First, check the penis to see if there are nodules on the surface of the body and if there is foreskin scaling on the glans. Secondly, feel the spermatic cord. If you find clumps of earthworm-like blood vessels, it indicates that there is a varicocele, which must be treated promptly. Again, examine both testicles. If one side has swelling or feels pain when touched, there may be inflammation; If one side of the testicle gradually becomes larger than the opposite side in a short period of time, and there is a significant sense of heaviness when holding it with your hand, you should be alert to testicular tumors. Finally, touch the epididymis, which is a common site of benign lesions. If there are small nodules that feel tender, it may be chronic epididymitis.