Infection causing male infertility is not uncommon, and one of the many problems men face is male infertility. According to statistics, about 15% of married couples have male infertility, with about 50% being caused by the male partner. Foreign scientists have found that in the past 50 years, the sperm density of male testes has decreased by about 50%. There are many reasons for male infertility, such as congenital dysplasia, cytogenetics chromosome abnormality, endocrine dysfunction, hypothalamus pituitary gonad dysfunction, sexual dysfunction, genital tract infection, and even psychological factors. Based on current clinical data, reproductive tract infection is one of the most common factors. Male reproductive tract infections often cause orchitis, prostatitis, epididymitis, seminal vesiculitis, urethritis, etc. The pathogens causing male genital tract infection include gonococcus, virus, tubercle bacillus, mycoplasma, Chlamydia trachomatis, trichomonas and other non-specific pathogens, among which mycoplasma and chlamydia are the most common.
Genital tract infection can affect sperm production, sperm motility and sperm transportation, resulting in oligozoospermia and male infertility. Tuberculosis of the reproductive system can inhibit spermatogenesis and transport, and even cause testicular atrophy due to orchitis. Genital tract infections may also cause azoospermia due to obstruction of the vas deferens. Genital tract infections can also cause changes in the liquefaction time of semen. Any dysfunction of prostate secretion caused by any reason can lead to a lack of semen liquefaction factors in semen, leading to semen non liquefaction syndrome.
Non liquefaction of semen can prevent sperm from freely swimming in viscous fluids, often a direct cause of male infertility. In recent years, the incidence rate of sexually transmitted diseases has increased year by year, which not only makes the high-risk population of male reproductive tract infection expand rapidly, but also causes great harm to women's health. The prevention and treatment of genital tract infection is an important countermeasure to reduce the incidence rate of male infertility. Firstly, attention should be paid to preventing cross infection within the family, such as preparing a complete set of cleaning products for girls, including washbasins, towels, etc. If a family member has a reproductive tract infection, it can cause male infertility. They should seek timely diagnosis and treatment at a reputable hospital, use reasonable medication for formal treatment, and promote early diagnosis, treatment, and standardized treatment.
People who frequently travel, travel, or reside in public dormitories or rented houses for a long time should develop good hygiene habits, eliminate the source of infection, and reduce the chances of infection. We should also strengthen social ethics education, and people suffering from reproductive tract infectious diseases should consciously not enter the swimming pool. Patients should not blindly take medication or seek medical attention on their own. They should seek medical attention from a reputable hospital and receive systematic treatment in order to reduce or avoid the harm of reproductive tract infections and the occurrence of male infertility.
(Intern Editor: Cai Junyi)