Urethral infections are generally divided into upper urinary tract infections and lower urinary tract infections. The methods of bacterial invasion are divided into bloody infection, ascending infection, and descending infection. Most women have ascending infections because their urethra is straight and short, and bacteria can easily ascend to the bladder to cause infection. In addition, the external opening of the female urethra, which is close to the vaginal opening and anus, is easily contaminated by feces and bacteria excreted in the open channel. In addition, the complete bladder discharge capacity of elderly women is reduced, and bacteria are prone to reproduce in residual urine. It is common clinically that lower urinary tract infection is cystitis, which is a common and frequently occurring disease in elderly women. Its incidence rate is 8-10 times higher than that of men. Prevention is very important.
How to Protect Patients with Urinary Tract Infections from Self Protection
(1) Pay attention to mental and physical regulation. The modern medical model has shifted from a traditional biomedical model to a social psychological medical model, and psychotherapy is gradually receiving attention. The causes of urinary tract infections in elderly people are complex, and emotional changes such as anger, sadness, and impatience can trigger or exacerbate urinary tract infections. Many elderly people with chronic urinary tract infections, if they can maintain a comfortable mood and relieve tension, can often alleviate their condition, reduce recurrence, and eventually recover. Secondly, it is necessary to participate in more sports activities that are suitable for the characteristics of the elderly, such as Qigong, Tai Chi, brisk walking, and jogging, in order to enhance physical fitness, improve the body's defense function, and reduce the chances of bacteria invading the body. (2) Keep the genital area clean. The external genitalia is moist and has a lot of secretions, making it the easiest area for bacteria to grow and reproduce. In addition, bacteria are also the most common pathogen of urinary tract infections. Therefore, maintaining cleanliness and hygiene of the external genitalia is one of the most effective methods for preventing urinary tract infections. requirement
Wash the external genitalia with warm water every day, or use a 1:10000 potassium permanganate solution to clean the external genitalia. Long foreskin in males can also easily cause urinary tract infections, and it is important to clean it thoroughly every day.
(3) Strengthen dietary adjustments. Elderly people are often weak and have low disease resistance, which often become the pathological basis for recurrent and refractory urinary tract infections. Therefore, while administering medication, it is necessary to strengthen dietary adjustments. During the remission period, in order to strengthen the physique and improve the immunity of the body, we should eat more kidney tonifying food. During the attack, we should mainly eat light, easy to digest and nutritious food, drink more light tea and white hot water, eat mung bean soup, Winter melon soup, pear and other products that benefit qi, detoxify and diuresis, and do not eat spinach. Spinach contains a lot of oxalic acid. The combination of oxalic acid and calcium can produce insoluble calcium oxalate. Patients with chronic urinary tract infection are prone to stones. Do not drink and quit smoking, Don't eat spicy and stimulating food. For example, chili peppers, garlic, spices, etc.