The human body is full of blood vessels, which are distinguished by color, including red arteries, blue veins and pink capillaries. With the growth of age, everyone will have vascular diseases. The highest incidence of vascular diseases is arteriosclerosis. The data shows that 77% of middle-aged and elderly people aged 50-60 have different degrees of arteriosclerosis; Among the aged 60-70, this proportion increased to 87%; Among the elderly over 70 years old, the incidence rate of atherosclerosis has reached 100%.
Arteriosclerosis refers to a non-inflammatory proliferative lesion of the artery, which leads to thickening and stiffness of the arterial wall, loss of elasticity and stenosis of the lumen, making the blood flow unable to pass smoothly.
The direct consequence of arteriosclerosis is blockage. If the blockage occurs in the heart, it will cause serious problems such as angina pectoris, myocardial infarction and myocardial ischemia; If it occurs in the brain, it will cause cerebral thrombosis, left hemiplegia, aphasia and other serious sequelae; If it occurs in the kidney, it will cause renal insufficiency or even renal failure. As long as there are arteries, arteriosclerosis may lead to arterial infarction, leading to serious consequences.
Therefore, to fight against arterial aging and protect the functions of heart, brain, kidney and other organs is to fight against aging! In order to delay the occurrence of arterial problems, we must pay attention to the following life details.
1. Reduce fat intake and avoid obesity. Don't eat too much, keep a relatively stable weight, and don't eat fat meat and animal offal. The number of pigs and beef eaten in a week shall not exceed 3. Eat more chicken and fish. Because chicken and fish contain less saturated fatty acids than pork and beef. Eat at most one egg yolk a day, not high-sugar food, and eat more vegetables, fruits and soybean products.
2. Do not smoke and prevent smoking. Smoking can damage cardiovascular endothelial cells, cardiac hypertrophy and thickening, and affect normal systolic movement. Long-term smoking can make human arterioles in spastic state and cause hypertension. Carbon monoxide in the smoke causes hypoxia of vascular endothelial cells and promotes arteriosclerosis.
3. Take part in appropriate sports activities. The amount of exercise should be carried out gradually according to the physical condition. The amount of exercise should not be excessive, and the sports should not be excessive. According to personal conditions, rope skipping, health gymnastics, tai chi, cycling, walking, climbing stairs, trimming flowers and grass, mopping the floor, doing housework, etc. Exercise can not only relieve mental tension and stabilize mood, but also reduce cholesterol in blood.