Many couples, after getting married, do not want to have children in the near future due to work reasons. Due to the hassle of wearing a condom every time they have sex, they choose to use oral contraceptives for contraception. So, how long is it better to have a baby after stopping taking contraceptive pills?
Oral contraceptive pills
Oral contraceptives belong to hormonal drugs, and their components are mostly synthetic estrogen and progesterone. Their effects are many times stronger than natural sex hormones. There are various types of oral contraceptives, including long-acting contraceptives, short-term compound oral contraceptives, which are taken 21 days a month, as well as home visiting contraceptives, emergency contraceptives, etc. The latter two are not recommended for long-term contraception. In addition to oral contraceptives, there are also forms of contraceptives such as injections (mostly long-acting contraceptives), subcutaneous implant forms, vaginal contraceptive rings, contraceptive patches, and intrauterine devices containing medication (such as levonorgestrel intrauterine sustained-release tablets). The long-term use of contraceptives we are discussing today mainly refers to two types of drugs: long-term contraceptives and short-term contraceptives.
How long can ovulation occur after ineffective contraceptive pills
After the contraceptive pill enters the human body through the intestines, it is metabolized and stored in the liver. After stopping the medication, it takes a certain amount of time for the drugs stored in the body to be completely eliminated from the body. The time for different drug components to be eliminated from the body varies, and the larger the amount of medication, the longer the time required. At the same time, after discontinuing the medication, ovulation can generally be restored within 1-3 months, which means that pregnancy may occur after ovulation is restored. Therefore, the duration of pregnancy after discontinuing oral contraceptives mainly depends on the composition and dosage of the medication, as well as how long it can be excreted from the body.
If the drug is not fully expelled from the body and immediately becomes pregnant, the residual drug in the body can also have a certain impact on the newly developed embryo, which may lead to adverse reactions such as congenital malformations and reproductive tract tumors.
How long can I have a baby after stopping medication
Generally speaking, in order to avoid adverse effects of drugs on the embryo, it is better to wait for the drug to be completely excreted in the body and ovarian ovulation to be completely normal before planning pregnancy. However, the time required for residual drugs to be completely excreted from the body after discontinuation may vary depending on the choice of contraceptive pills.
There is evidence to suggest that after discontinuation of the compound short-acting oral contraceptive pill, pregnancy does not increase the incidence of fetal malformations. Due to the low hormone content of the compound short-acting oral contraceptive pill, pregnancy can occur after discontinuation without affecting the growth and development of offspring. Long acting oral contraceptives, due to their significant differences in hormone composition and dosage compared to short acting contraceptives, are recommended to discontinue medication for 6 months before pregnancy. Pregnancy can be attempted within the second month after the removal of subcutaneous implant formulations, vaginal medication rings, and medicated intrauterine devices.