How is kidney disease caused? Face setbacks in life with a smile, after all, our life will not be smooth. For example, the occurrence of kidney disease can make our lives very difficult. However, the occurrence of diseases is not without reasons, but also due to changes in life or unhealthy diet. Next, let's get to know the formation of kidney disease.
The occurrence of diseases is very common in our daily lives, and we can only seek treatment after understanding the causes of the disease. Among the causes of nephritis, males are more prone to kidney damage than females. The onset age of primary hypertension is generally between 25 and 45 years old, while the age at which clinical symptoms of kidney damage caused by hypertension occur is generally between 40 and 60 years old. The earliest symptom may be increased nocturia, reflecting the occurrence of ischemic lesions in the renal tubules and a decrease in urine concentration function.
The occurrence of kidney disease can have a significant impact on our lives, so it is best to always pay attention to one's own physical condition. Then proteinuria appears, indicating that the glomerulus has undergone pathological changes. The degree of proteinuria is generally mild to moderate, and the 24-hour urine protein content generally does not exceed 2 grams, but a few patients have a large amount of proteinuria. Microscopic examination of urine sediment shows very few red blood cells and tubules, and some patients experience transient macroscopic hematuria due to glomerular capillary rupture. Research has confirmed that one in ten thousand patients with primary hypertension will develop renal failure, and untreated hypertensive patients have a significant decrease in renal function compared to those without hypertension.
Sometimes the occurrence of kidney disease is caused by the complications of many diseases, and it is best to be cautious of the occurrence of complications in daily life. It is often found that other organs caused by primary hypertension, mainly cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications, may appear earlier and more severe than kidney damage, and are the main or key factors affecting prognosis.
The most common complication of heart disease is hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy, which is prone to complications such as heart failure and coronary heart disease angina; Cerebrovascular complications include cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction, which are the leading causes of death in primary hypertension in China. Primary hypertension can also cause retinal arteriosclerosis, further leading to arteriosclerotic retinopathy.
The degree of retinal arteriosclerosis is directly proportional to blood pressure, and is more closely related to diastolic blood pressure. Retinal sclerosis is generally parallel to the degree of renal arteriosclerosis, which can roughly reflect the condition of renal arterioles, so fundus examination is very important.
The main causes of kidney disease
1. Infection: Infections such as various bacteria, viruses, or protozoa are the most common causes of chronic nephritis, especially upper respiratory tract infections, asymptomatic bacteriuria, influenza, pharyngitis, tracheobronchitis, etc.
2. Autoimmune diseases and vasculitis: such as lupus erythematosus, can also cause chronic nephritis due to the deposition of immune complexes. Glomerulonephritis caused by vasculitis is usually severe and requires active treatment.
3. Drugs: such as pain relievers, gold containing compounds, and some antibiotics, can also cause glomerular lesions.
4. Stress state: such as sudden gastrointestinal bleeding, severe gastroenteritis, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hypotension, allergic shock, etc., exceeding the body's ability to withstand stress. It mainly refers to the urgent adjustment of adrenal cortical hormone secretion by the adrenal cortex in response to sudden stimuli. Various stress states can exacerbate the condition of chronic nephritis.
How is kidney disease caused? When kidney disease occurs, it can make many friends very upset, after all, it always makes the patient's life very chaotic. But don't worry, as long as we persist in treatment, there is a possibility of health. In addition, timely prevention of diseases in daily life is also very important. Let's stay away from diseases and embrace health.