Testicular dysplasia is a relatively serious male reproductive health disease. The causes of this disease include congenital chromosome variation and the influence of acquired environment. This testicular dysplasia will bring testicular conditions to men, and also affect male fertility. What about testicular dysplasia?
Why does testicular dysplasia occur?
Congenital testicular dysplasia
It is mainly caused by sex chromosome abnormality. The number of chromosomes in normal men is 46, expressed by 46XY. Patients with testicular disease have increased sex chromosome x. The congenital testicle should be diagnosed by chromosome examination in a special hospital. Congenital testicular dysplasia. The testicular volume is generally less than 6 ml in adulthood, and the intellectual development is slightly poor. Among congenital testicular dysplasia, pituitary testicular dysplasia is characterized by small testicles, soft texture and slightly better intelligence.
Caused by acquired factors
For example, testicular injury caused by trauma, accident or operation, parotitis accompanied by orchitis, varicocele of spermatic vein in adolescence, long-term x-ray irradiation of testicle, tight underwear or excessive hot water bath, endocrine disease, taking drugs that damage the testicles, smoking and drinking in large quantities for a long time. The testicular nerve dysplasia caused by trauma. The adult testicles are only the size of peanuts and broad beans, with hard texture and a volume of about 3-6 ml.
Hazards of testicular dysplasia
Dysplasia of testis may lead to the following diseases and even affect male infertility
It is extremely rare that the testicles of both sides are fused into one. It can occur in the scrotum or in the abdominal cavity. The epididymis is often accompanied by other serious congenital malformations, and rarely develops into adults.
The spermatic cord is distorted and the testicle is underdeveloped when the blood supply of the testicle is impaired or the testicle drops during the embryonic period. Testis is also the cause of testicular dysplasia.
When the fetus is 6 to 7 months old, the testis descends from the peritoneum to the scrotum, and stays near the waist, abdomen, groin canal or outer ring during the descent, which is collectively referred to as testis disease or no decline of testis.
The testicles are often accompanied by infertility. The temperature around the testicles of patients with bilateral testicles is 1 higher than that of the scrotum. 5 ℃~2 ℃, the temperature rise can make the testicular epithelium atrophy and hinder the spermatogenesis. Therefore, cryptorchidism with infertility is caused by the testicular environment, and the higher the position of cryptorchidism, the more serious the testicular tissue changes.