Nephrotic syndrome is a group of relatively stubborn diseases, which is difficult to cure completely. In order to avoid its repeated attacks as much as possible and cooperate with the doctor's treatment, we can start from the small things of daily life, and actively do a good job of health care through daily diet. Specifically, the diet of nephrotic syndrome should follow the general principle of low salt, low fat, high quality and low protein, and supplement trace elements appropriately. The patients with renal syndrome lost a large amount of urine protein and caused hypoproteinemia due to the damage of filtration barrier, and lost some trace elements and hormones combined with protein, resulting in the deficiency of calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron and other elements in human body. However, due to the fact that high-protein diet will aggravate proteinuria and promote the progression of kidney disease, it advocates low-protein diet, and advocates that patients eat high-quality protein such as freshwater fish or white meat, which can alleviate hypoproteinemia and some concomitant diseases, and should give appropriate supplement of trace elements according to their own conditions, such as taking calcium tablets.
Patients with renal syndrome should enter a low-salt diet when they have edema. Seasonings or foods with high salt content such as pickled foods are prohibited. Generally, the daily salt content should not exceed 2g. Patients with nephrotic syndrome often have hyperlipidemia, which can aggravate the injury and sclerosis of glomerulus. Therefore, patients with nephrotic syndrome should eat less food rich in saturated fatty acids (animal fat) and more food rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (such as vegetable oil, fish oil) and soluble fiber (such as beans).