The diet of patients with hypertension and kidney disease should be light and not salty, otherwise it can cause vascular sclerosis and elevated blood pressure.
For patients with hypertension, simply limiting salt may restore blood pressure to normal; For patients with moderate to severe hypertension, salt restriction can not only improve the efficacy of antihypertensive drugs, but also reduce the dose of antihypertensive drugs, thereby greatly reducing the side effects and drug costs of antihypertensive drugs. Patients with hypertensive nephropathy should limit fat intake.
When cooking, choose vegetable oil and eat more sea fish. Sea fish contain unsaturated fatty acids, which can oxidize cholesterol, thereby reducing plasma cholesterol, prolong platelet aggregation, inhibit thrombosis, and prevent stroke. It also contains more linoleic acid, which has a certain effect on increasing the elasticity of microvessels, preventing vascular rupture, and preventing hypertension complications.
Patients with hypertensive nephropathy should take appropriate amounts of protein. The daily amount of protein for patients with hypertension should be 1 g per kilogram of body weight. Eating fish protein 2-3 times a week can improve blood vessel elasticity and permeability, increase urinary sodium excretion, and thereby lower blood pressure. If hypertension is associated with renal insufficiency, protein intake should be limited.
Hypertensive nephropathy requires eating fewer sweets and less animal fat. Plus, sweet foods have a high sugar content and can be converted into fat in the body, easily promoting arteriosclerosis. "Animals also have high cholesterol levels, which can accelerate arteriosclerosis in crying organs such as the liver, kidney, brain, and heart. If you should eat less,".
For hypertensive nephropathy, it is advisable to eat more potassium containing foods (note: suitable for people with normal renal function), and patients with hypertensive nephropathy should quit smoking and drink less. Because potassium can buffer the effect of sodium in the body. Foods include: soybeans, adzuki beans, tomatoes, zucchini, celery, fresh mushrooms, and various green leafy vegetables; Fruits include oranges, apples, bananas, pears, kiwifruit, persimmons, pineapples, walnuts, watermelons, etc. Excessive smoking and alcohol can easily cause damage to the heart, brain, and kidneys.
Hypertensive nephropathy should eat more foods containing high-quality protein and vitamins, as well as foods rich in potassium and calcium but low in sodium. Such as fish, milk, lean meat, eggs, beans, and bean products. There are also potatoes, eggplants, kelp, and lettuce. Foods with high calcium content: milk, yogurt, shrimp skin. Eat less meat soups, as the increase in nitrogen extracts in meat soups can promote the increase in uric acid in the body, increasing the burden on the center of gravity, liver, and kidneys.
Dietary Therapy for Hypertensive Nephropathy
1. Peach kernel Congee
[Ingredients] 10-15g peach kernel, 50-100g japonica rice.
[Production] First, mash the peach kernel like mud, add water to grind the juice to remove the residue, and cook it with japonica rice as porridge.
[Usage] Once a day, 5-7 days as a course of treatment.
[Efficacy] Activates blood circulation and channels, dispels phlegm and relieves pain. Suitable for hypertension, coronary heart disease and angina pectoris.
[Yibu] The dosage should not be too large; Pregnant women and those with thin stools should not take it.
2. Hawthorn Congee
[Ingredients] Hawthorn 30 to 40 grams of japonica rice 100 grams of granulated sugar 10 grams.
[Production] First fry the hawthorn in the casserole to get the thick juice, remove the residue, and then add japonica rice and granulated sugar to cook Congee.
[Usage] It can be taken as a Dim sum between meals. It should not be taken on an empty stomach. It takes 7-10 days as a course of treatment.
[Efficacy] Strengthen the spleen and stomach, eliminate food accumulation, and dissipate stasis and blood. It is suitable for hypertension, coronary heart disease with angina pectoris, hyperlipidemia, stagnation of appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and infantile milk intolerance.
3. Corn cake
[Ingredients] 450 grams of new corn flour, 200 grams of brown sugar, 4 grams of edible alkali, 15 grams of cooked lard, and 50 grams of fermented flour.
[Preparation] Mix baking powder and corn flour with an appropriate amount of water to form a dough and ferment. After fermentation, add other ingredients mentioned above and knead evenly. Then cover with a damp cloth and let stand for one hour. Then knead the dough repeatedly, pour the entire piece into a steamer and spread it flat. Steam over high heat for about 25 minutes. After being cooled out of the cage, cut into pieces or rhomboids and serve freely.
【 Function 】 Regulate the middle and appetizer, suitable for hypertension and hemoptysis.