The daily treatment of renal failure cannot rely solely on routine methods, and actively taking self-care measures to promote treatment is also an essential rehabilitation strategy for patients. Below, we will introduce to you the specific nursing measures that renal failure patients need to take in terms of diet and daily life in order to recover their health smoothly.
1. Dietary care
Patients should take reasonable dietary care measures based on their specific disease situation. Generally, for patients with renal failure, they should adhere to a low protein diet, try to eat a high calcium, high iron, high vitamin, and low phosphorus diet, limit the intake of plant protein, and limit the intake of water, sodium, and potassium salts for those with low urine. For patients, attention should be paid to a low salt diet, a low salt, high vitamin diet, and limiting water intake. Patients must rest absolutely in bed and gradually increase their activity under the guidance of a physician once their condition stabilizes.
2. Life care
Life care requires patients with renal failure to have sufficient care and strive for comprehensive life care to assist in treatment. Specifically, it includes appropriate reduction of edema: regularly measuring body weight daily, accurately recording fluid intake and outflow, and strictly controlling fluid intake. Ensure rest: You should rest in bed to avoid excessive fatigue. Prevention of infection: Regular ventilation and air disinfection in the ward, strict aseptic operation. Strengthen daily care and educate patients to stay away from public places. If the skin is itchy, follow medical advice and avoid scratching. Discharge guidance: Regularly review renal function, serum electrolytes, etc., and accurately record daily urine volume.
Starting from two aspects of diet and daily life, actively taking self-care is an important auxiliary measure for treating renal failure. Therefore, patients with renal failure must adhere to reasonable dietary habits and a good lifestyle in their daily lives to recover their health as soon as possible.