What should male infertility patients pay attention to? Generally speaking, couples who cohabit for one year after marriage and do not use any contraceptive measures can be initially diagnosed as male infertility if the spouse cannot conceive due to the reason of the husband. In order to prevent the disease, male friends should pay attention to the following points in their daily life:
Have healthy and reasonable eating habits. Less sugar and fat, eat less fast food, and avoid food containing preservatives and colorants. Eat more foods with high zinc and selenium content that can promote sperm motility, such as dairy products, fish, oysters, liver, soybeans, black beans, black rice, etc. Wash fruits and vegetables repeatedly before eating. Do not use foam plastic lunch boxes to pack hot meals or heat food, because these lunch boxes will produce estrogen like substances when heated, which will disrupt the hormone secretion in the body, and will affect the spermatogenesis function of the testes while inhibiting sexual desire.
Try not to smoke or drink. Tobacco and alcohol are not only the enemy of eugenics, but also a cause of male infertility. Because the cigarette smoke contains strong teratogenic substances, men's smoking tends to reduce sperm. Smoking 20 cigarettes a day, the sperm survival rate is only 50%, and there are many kinds of abnormal sperm, which brings the hidden danger of infertility or birth of children with congenital abnormalities. Excessive drinking can endanger the function of reproductive system, lead to endocrine disorder, and change the chromosome structure and number of reproductive cells. In the semen of long-term drinkers, the number of sperm decreased, the activity decreased, and the incidence of impotence, infertility and male feminization increased significantly.
Keep a good life and avoid all kinds of genital tract infections. Male genital tract infection often causes orchitis, epididymitis, prostatitis, seminal vesiculitis, urethritis, etc. Pathogens causing infection include gonococcus, mycobacterium tuberculosis, virus, mycoplasma, chlamydia trachomatis, trichomonas and other non-specific pathogens, among which mycoplasma and chlamydia are the most common. Genital tract infection can affect sperm production and motility, resulting in oligospermia, and can also lead to obstruction of spermatic duct and azoospermia. In addition, genital tract infection can also cause the dysfunction of prostate secretion, and make the semen lack of semen liquefaction factor, resulting in semen non-liquefaction, which becomes the direct cause of infertility.
The temperature of the bath water should not be too high (especially do not often take a sauna), avoid wearing tight underwear, jeans, and do not sit on the soft chair for a long time or drive for a long time. This is because: under normal circumstances, sperm can only develop normally in a constant temperature environment of 34 ℃ - 35 ℃ (3 ℃ - 4 ℃ lower than body temperature). If the scrotal temperature is often higher than this standard, it will be very unfavorable for sperm growth, or cause too many "dead sperm" and cause infertility. In addition to being airtight and heat-resistant, tight-fitting jeans will also oppress male reproductive organs and affect the normal development of testicles.
Marry at the right age and don't give birth too late. Nowadays, the concept of "starting a career first and getting married later" prevails, and men's marriage and childbearing age are generally postponed. According to research, the fertility of men after the age of 35 will decline naturally. For a long time, people have emphasized that older women are prone to miscarriage, but the influence of father's age on miscarriage is often ignored. A new study shows that the older the father is, the more likely the fetus is to miscarry. This new study shows that if the father is over 35 years old, the risk of miscarriage of the wife is twice as high as that of the father under 35 years old. So for the sake of family happiness and the health of children, men should not marry and have children too late.
Keep a good state of mind and avoid anxiety, tension and other negative emotions. When a person is in a negative mood for a long time, his endocrine and immune functions will be significantly reduced, and his sexual function and spermatogenic function will also be affected accordingly. Finally, it should be pointed out that couples with infertility should not blindly believe in advertising. It is better to go to public hospitals with strong technical strength and good public credibility for medical treatment and consultation, so as to avoid being cheated and delaying treatment. As a green therapy, traditional Chinese medicine, based on syndrome differentiation and treatment, pays attention to personalized treatment in the treatment of infertility, which has incomparable advantages over other therapies. Parents who are eager for children may try it.