Don't want chronic nephritis to worsen? Then it is necessary to do a good job in daily nursing work. Here are some nursing contents summarized by kidney disease experts for you. We hope you can read them carefully and do relevant work well.
1. It is necessary to regulate the patient's emotions and provide psychological care. Generally speaking, eliminate unnecessary mental concerns from patients, establish optimistic emotions, and have the confidence to fight against diseases in the long term. As the saying goes, "three points of treatment, seven points of nourishment". For chronic nephritis, it is necessary to ensure sufficient sleep and rest. Depending on the severity of the condition, under the guidance of a doctor, patients should engage in appropriate recreational activities, which is very beneficial for the recovery of kidney disease.
2. During the nursing process for patients with chronic nephritis, attention should be paid to observing the patient's symptoms. Generally speaking, those with obvious edema are characterized by deficiency and excess. Those with strong physique are often hot and solid. People with weak constitution are often deficient and cold. In addition to regularly measuring body temperature, pulse, blood pressure, and 24-hour water intake and outflow, both must also observe for bleeding tendencies, vomiting, edema, and other conditions. If there is oliguria, fatigue and drowsiness, or a smell of urine in the mouth, it is mostly due to the accumulation of dampness and turbidity in the body. The toxin stains inside the heart, and the pericardium sinks into a closed state, which is the most dangerous. If you see this situation, you should promptly contact a doctor and be prepared for rescue.
3. Adjusting diet, supplementing dietary therapy, and promoting recovery: It is very important to choose food reasonably and correctly. Generally speaking, people with edema and hypertension should avoid salt or enter a low salt diet. The daily intake of protein is usually 0 per kilogram of body weight. It is appropriate to calculate 5 grams of protein. For patients with renal insufficiency, it is recommended to not exceed 6 grams of salt. Unless there is severe punishment for heart failure, edema, and hypertension, quitting salt is not beneficial for patients.
4. Carefully observe the condition, avoid wind pathogens, avoid fatigue, and keep warm and protected from the cold. Due to chronic nephritis, acute attacks often occur due to infection, leading to worsening of the original condition. Therefore, patients with chronic nephritis should be cautious of catching a cold. The room should have sufficient sunlight, appropriate temperature, and good ventilation.
In addition, it is important to remind patients and friends to avoid fatigue, colds, etc. in daily life, as these are also very detrimental to the disease. Wishing patients and friends an early recovery through active care and treatment